Hermitage Collections in the 19th Century
The tradition of collecting works of art, started during the reign of
Catherine the Great, became the state policy of her grandchildren and
great-grandchildren. Her "Solitary little place" turned into a wonderful
public museum, one of the best in Europe.
In the second half of the 19-th century the "public Museum of the New
Hermitage", that already possessed one of the world best collections of
the West-European art, built up new collections - of Antiquities and of
Oriental Art, the Gallery of Jewellery and the Gallery of Peter I, and
became famous in Europe.