Christians in the Holy Land, Art of
the Melchites and Other Denominations of Eastern Christianity
Christians in the Holy Land. Art of the Melchites and Other Denominations
of Eastern Christianity was one of a series of exhibitions showing the
cultural heritage of Byzantium, with the objects exhibited classified
by confession rather than by provenance.
The exhibition showed the art of Orthodox Christians, or Melchites, whose
spiritual guides were the Patriarchs of Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria,
and the art of denominations from the Orthodox Church-the Monophisites
and Nestorians. This period from the fourth to the twentieth centuries
was as significant as the geographical scope (covering the art of vast
territories from the Nile valleys and Ethiopia to the Turfan oasis in
eastern Turkestan and from the Crimea and the Caucasus to the Arabian
Desert). The cornerstone of the exhibition consisted of objects from the
Holy Land in the broadest sense of the term, comprising not only Palestine,
but also Syria and Mesopotamia.