Materials from the Maikop burial mound in the Northern Caucasus relate to the
Age of Metal, the mid-3rd century BC, and are regarded as among the most important pieces
in the archaeological collection. A lavishly dressed nomadic chief was found in this
burial mound, his head crowned with two gold diadems, with a heavy necklace consisting of
several rows of beads in gold, sard and turquoise. Over the body was a canopy decorated
with plaques in the form of a lion, the canopy supported on four hollow silver rods
inserted into four cast figures of bulls, two of gold and two of bronze.
Gold and silver vessels found in this burial mound are of particular
interest. One of them is decorated with chased representations of a landscape, both seen
from land level and a bird's-eye view. The mound also contained copper and stone tools
and flint arrow.
Vessel Decorated with Animals and a ‘Landscape'
Middle of the 3rd millenium BC
Balls and a Hammer-Axe Head
3rd millenium BC