Neolithic art is represented by a number of large and varied collections of
objects found in vast isolated areas in Eastern Europe, Siberia and Central Asia.
Most fully represented are archaeological complexes discovered in the forest
regions of European Russia. The objects found give an idea of the culture and art of
Neolithic tribes who, from the 6th millenium to the middle of the 2nd millenium BC,
inhabited the country between the rivers Volga and Oka, the Urals, and southern areas of
the Pskov region including settlements in Karelia.
Neolithic everyday objects reveal that fishing and hunting were the main
occupations of the inhabitants of the forest territories. Neolithic people decorated clay
vessels in a wide variety of ways, created bone, horn and wooden figurines of people and
animals. Noteworthy are a number of articles intended for tribal cults; these are polished
stone axe-hammers, one end terminating with a bear's or elk's head executed with a
considerable degree of realism. There are very carefully worked small flint figurines of
people, animals and birds, which are schematic and stylized and were probably used as
Art of a monumental character was familiar to these tribes. On the coast of the
White Sea and on the eastern shores of Lake Onega, a large number of petroglyphs were
etched into the rock surface. The petroglyphs are executed in various manners: there are
realistic and symbolic petroglyphs, and outline drawings but most are silhouettes.
Head of a Female Elk
3rd millenium BC
Second half of the 2nd millenium BC
Carved Petroglyph (fragment)
4th-3rd millenium BC